Thursday, February 16, 2017

Deborah's Rock a love story

 
 

 Brandywine Creek above Baltimore Pike about 1905

 
NOTE; There are many stories of rocks in Delaware County about Indians and lost loves, Ravacoola in Glenolden and Annie's Rock in Clifton. Below is Deborah's story

DEBORAH'S ROCK

The Story of the Tragic End of a Beautiful Indian Princess

Leaped Into Rushing Waters

 

Broken-Hearted Over the Death of Her Dusky Lover, She Brought External Rest in the Peaceful Water of the  Brandywine Near Chadd's Ford.

 
           
            "From a careful personal of local history and tradition handed down from our Heirs, the following article should interest all the lovers of ye olden times.
            When all Chester County was Nature's the great forest, stretched unbroken to the far west, and the red men reigned supreme.
            The Brandywine flows sluggishly, winding away among the hills; the forest trees extending their great arms from the high banks, throws dark shadows upon its surface.  Here was the favorite haunts of the Lenapes, one of the great Delaware tribes.
            Wawaset had just returned from the war path with many scalps and a prisoner, a young brave from a neighboring tribe.  He was bound to a pine tree in the midst of the camp to await a fate, on, so terrible.  He was weary from the long march, the thongs cut through the skin of his wrists, yet he never uttered one complaint. The camp fires were burning low, and the solitary guard was trying to warm himself by the embers.
            Presently a woman came silently from one of the wigwams.  It was Deborah, he daughter of Wawaset. Stealing softly through the night, she approached the captive.
            The girl was very handsome and in the darkness she appeared more like a spirit than human.
            "Modena," she whispered, "speak not and obey me," and without further words she cut the cords.  Taking him by the hand she led him quickly away among the forest trees. "Oh, I am so glad to be near you once again," said Deborah. "How came it that you were caught,  Every day I have gone to the white rock and waited for you, but you came not.  I was almost in despair"
            So sudden was the transformation from misery to joy, that the exuberant spirits of the Indian maiden were at their height.
            "I will tell you all soon, but now, we must fly while we may," whispered the brave.
ON THE SCENT
            The guard had missed his prisoner, the alarm was raised and already the sound hear the shouts of the savaged as they rushed hither and thither in pursuit.  The night was damp and chilly, with a drizzling rain falling.  This fact rather aided them in their flight as the wet leaves gave out no sound.
        By following a glade through the hills they come to the creek at what is now called: Chadd's Ford.  Crossing they proceeded up the stream almost careless in there fancied freedom for they could not longer hear the shouts of the pursuers.  Then she told him how her father, ere another moon, was going to compel her to wed an old man, a cruel old brave, she could not love.  How her only hope was in his coming and so on.
            "You have saved my lift, fair one," replied Modena :and there is no thanks I can offer you that will re pay you, except my love.  Will you take that?
            History does not record her reply, but we can form an opinion.
            About midnight the two were resting seated on a fallen tree, when out of the stillness came the war whoop of the Lenapes and the deep voice of Wawaset shouted: "Surround them".
            There among the cedars was the chief, followed by a half dozen of his tribe, while others ran swiftly to either side.  Attempt at escape was useless.  Raising his club Modena stood in defiance to them all.  He had sworn to defend Deborah with hi life, now the time had come to prove his love.  The club fell again and again and at every blow a savage fell; but numbers told.  Overpowering him they literally cut him to pieces, his body rolling at the feet of the girl.  And she was compelled to see his scalp taken before her very eyes.
            Turning to her Wawaset sneered: "You ungrateful daughter.  How dare you defy me?  You are disgraced before the whole tribe.  Get up, you lazy hag, and march ahead.
            The girl hesitated a moment, gazing sadly at her dear friend, then with a cry like a frightened fawn she dashed to the cliff.  The placid waters of the Brandywine lay fifty feet below.  With one wild look and the sob of a broken heart she sprang into eternity.  There was a splash, a few circling eddies -- that was all.
            And to this day the high wall of rock that overlooks the historic stream at Cope's Foundries, bears her name, "Deborah's Rock."
            Two centuries have passed and the noble red man has been nearly driven from the earth; yet belated fisherman are startled to hear a rustling on the rocks above and see the spectral form of an Indian maiden, her dark hair waiving in the wind, poise on the brink a moment, then leap head long toward the water, but a mist seems to gather and the ghost vanishes ere it reaches the surface.                                           
           


Sunday, February 12, 2017

The "Wheel" and "Cheesebox" Delaware County jury selection 100 years ago

 
 
 
 
 
 

A hundred years ago you probably would have gone by train to Media to serve on the jury.

 
 

HOW THE GRAND AND PETIT JURORS FOR COURT ARE DRAWN

Historic Wheel from Which the Names are Selected Was First Used in This City When Chester Was the County Seat in the Early Days

           
            There are few people in this county who know how citizens are selected as jurors.  Since the county has been a county it has been a lottery as to who would become a member of the Grand Jury or a member of the Petit Jury.
            The wheel presented in this picture looks like a crude instrument, but yet for nearly a century hands have been going in and coming out of this wheel making the selection of the jurors by lottery.
            But few persons have had the opportunity of watching the operation of drawing the jury in the past century.  The jury wheel now in use was first used in the city of Chester, which was then the county seat.  When the courthouse was removed in Media, the old wheel or a “Cheese box,” as many call it, was some of the relics taken from Chester to Media.  It has done duty ever since.
            For the benefit of those who are not acquainted with the manner in which jurors are selected this article is written.
            In the first instance, the judge of judges upon the bench designate the number of names that are to be placed therein.
            The Sheriff then, under the authority of law, is directed to draw from the historic wheel the number of names designated by the Court within 35 days of the session of the Court.
            On the day set by the Sheriff and the two jury commissioners meet to fulfill this order of the Court.  The old wheel is then taken from the safe, the names of the Sheriff, the Jury-Commissioners and Judge, which were written at the previous drawing, are taken from the wheel by one of the above named in authority.
            Books, which are used in the Sheriff’s office, are placed under the wheel so as to hold it in position.  The Sheriff takes the first draw and is then followed by the Jury Commissioners in order of their party.  These men alternate in drawing from the wheel until the close of the drawing.
            At the close, the names of the Judge and the Jury Commissioners and the Sheriff are written upon a slip of paper, secured by sealing wax and then the wheel is replaced in the safe in the Sheriff’s office.
            Many persons have the idea that they can be drawn as jurors on the Grand Jury or on the Petit Jury just as the officers in charge of the work desire, but this is not the case.  They are drawn in accordance with the law.  The first 34 names drawn from the wheel are known as members of the Grand Jury.  Then the names of the citizens which come out of the wheel are placed in order in accordance with the direction of the Court, whether it be 55, 63, or 75 for each week.
            The drawing of the Jury is a feature of the political conditions that few have any knowledge of, but which is one of the most important characteristics of our civil government.
            A few years ago it was claimed in this county, as well as other counties of the State, that the men who had the authority of drawing the names from the jury wheel took them from their pockets instead of drawing them from the wheel.  This, however, is impossible now under the present regime of drawing jurors for the reason that the law prescribes that the name of every person drawn as a juror shall be placed on file in the office of the Prothonotary.
            Persons often complain because their names do not come out of the wheel and criticize the Judge, the Sheriff and the Judy Commissioners for not putting them in.  The wheel being a lottery it is impossible for any officer connected with the drawing of the jury to tell in advance whose name will be brought out.
            The names are placed in the wheel upon small pieces of paper tightly rolled and concealed by rubber bands, being the selection of the Judge, the Sheriff, and the two Jury Commissioners, making it utterly impossible for anyone to know whose name will be first or last to come from the historic wheel.
 


Monday, February 6, 2017

Chester Hospital Cornerstone laid 125 years ago this year


Chester Hospital about 1910

 
 

July 23, 1892 – Chester Times

THE HOSPITAL

Laying the Cornerstone Today

Interesting Exercises with an Oration by Lawyer Dickinson Who Will be There and What it is Like


                As was stated in Wednesday’s TIMES, the cornerstone for the new Chester Hospital building will be laid this afternoon.  The ceremonies will take place at 4:30 o’clock, and will be a decidedly interesting character.  Rev. Mowey, pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, will preside.  The principal address is to be made by O. B. Dickinson, now of this city.  Hon. John B. Robinson and Mrs. Robinson are among the special guests and the city will be represented by Mayor Coates, the city officials, and branches of City Council and the School Board.  Honorable M. Baker has accepted an invitation to be present, together with John R. Fow, of Philadelphia.  Caldwalader Biddle is also expected.
                The stone, which was donated to the building committee by Henry C. Cullis & Son, of East Seventh Street, who have the contract for doing the stone work, was carved out of a pretty piece of granite.  It is 24x10 inches, and on it is engraved:  “Chester Hospital, 1892.”  The stone will be set in place by Mrs. J. Frank Black, president of the Hospital Board.
                The movement for this hospital is a beautiful picture of which is given here, was started nearly ten years ago.  The first meeting was held at the house of Mrs. Julia A. Barton, whose husband was Mayor of the city at that time.  Mrs. Barton was the first president to serve on the Board.  The other officers chosen at the time were:  Vice president, Rev. P. H. Mowry; recording secretary, Mrs. Sarah B. Flitcraft; corresponding secretary, Mrs. Joseph R. T. Coates; treasurer, Col. Samuel A. Dyer.
                With the exception of Mrs. Barton, who has been succeeded by Mrs. Black, the old officers have served consecutively since the first meeting of the Board, which was held at Mrs. Barton’s on May 31, 1893.  The charter for the hospital was received in October 1883, and since that time the ladies and gentlemen interested in the movement have spared neither time nor energy in the work, which has advanced steadily.  Fairs and bazaars have been held and all have been liberally patronized by the citizens of Chester.  As an evidence of the truth of this it is but necessary to refer to the bazaar which was held about seven years ago.  From it the managers netted some $2,000.  The late bazaar held in the Armory was more successful, in the neighborhood of $2,400 being realized as the net proceeds.
                Besides liberally patronizing the fairs and baaars the citizens of Chester and vicinity have not been sparing in their individual cash contributions.  In Chester alone nearly $10,000 were received from this source.  Upland contributed nearly $600, through its citizens, from the schools and private individuals.  Eddystone raised $750, and Media, also, has not been found wanting in this respect.
                Notwithstanding this, the Board is in need of considerable more money and those who feel disposed to help an excellent cause, in which suffering humanity is directly interested, still have an opportunity of doing so.  The committee is still receiving contributions.  The lawn party, which opens up on Perkins lawn on Tuesday evening, will give all so inclined another opportunity of doing good.
                The building is now being erected under the auspices of this committee:  Thomas J. Houston, chairman; Mrs. Sarah B. Flitcraft, Mrs. Joseph R. T. Coates, Miss Mary Shaw, Mrs. Joseph Deering, Chas. B. Houston, and Colonel Samuel A. Dyer.  The Board of managers have worked earnestly all these nine years and are to be congratulated upon the success which has finally crowned their efforts.  The institution will be a great credit to Chester, and is thoroughly in keeping with the step toward the city has recently taken.
                The public is cordially invited to attend the ceremonies this afternoon.
                The idea of the need of a hospital in this city has first suggested to Mrs. J. Barton, at the time of the Jackson powder mill explosion in 1882, when a number of bodies were taken from the ruins, and the City Hall was converted into a morgue.  Actuated by incidents of the same, Mrs. Baron worked up a hearty interest among the citizens of Chester, and called a meeting to be held at her own home.  A number of ladies and gentlemen responded, and thus the good work received its first start. 
                The first money was donated to the cause by four small girls, viz. Miss Ariana R. Mowry, Miss Bessie T. Lees, Miss Lillie Frazer and Miss Washbaugh, daughter of Col. P. M. Washbaugh.  These young ladies held a fair on Rev. Dr. Mowry’s lawn, from which they netted $5.  This amount they handed over to Mrs. Barton.  Through the efforts of Hon. John B. Robinson and Hon. Ward R. Bliss, the State in 1801 appropriated $19,000, $15,000 of which was for the building, and the remaining $4,000 was to go towards the maintenance of the hospital.  As all similar institutions receive yearly appropriations from the State, it its but reasonable to suppose that the new Chester Hospital will, in the very near future receive State aid annually.
                In a neat zinc box will be placed a copy of this issue of the TIMES, and other Chester papers, together with a number of old coins and historic papers pertaining to the city.
                The autographs of the city officials, members of both branches of Council, with those of every member of the Hospital Board, will also be laid away with the stone.

Friday, February 3, 2017

East Lansdowne! A thriving village?? a 107 year look back

 

A post card of Cobbs Creek in E. Lansdowne, the Country look!! LOL

 
 
 

EAST LANSDOWNE A THRIVING VILLAGE

 Remarkable Growth of a Suburban Town That Seeks to Set Up in Business for Itself

            There is no better demonstration of the marvelous growth of a suburban town than the report of the registry assessor, and therefore it is quite interesting to know that the compilation just completed by Thomas B. Angeroth, shows that the voting strength of East Lansdowne is now 201, and that there are 127 children of school age, i.e., between six and fifteen years.  For a plot of ground that was a farm a few years ago this is probably one of the best records of growth in Delaware County.  There are 204 dwellings, one church completed for over two years, and another church and parsonage to be erected shortly, and eight stores located right in East Lansdowne, while the adjoining town of Fernwood has made excellent strides towards becoming a business and manufacturing center during the past year.  The train service to Fernwood, which is the railroad station for East Lansdowne and located only five and one-half miles from Broad Street Station, Philadelphia, has been improved fully twenty-five per cent since May 28th and now during the needed business hours there is practically, as good a service as to any of the other nearby towns located on the Pennsylvania railroad system.  The population of the town is nearly one thousand.
            East Lansdowne has a free delivery of mail service, three collections and two deliveries daily, with a Sunday collection, and has been for the past six years a separate voting precinct, and is now the second highest voting district in Upper Darby Township.  The suburb’s athletic club, Pembroke A.A. has grown sufficiently to have secured a place in the Delaware County Baseball League.
            Philadelphia business men control the affairs of this active suburb, and from the date of the arrival of the first resident, who leads in babies, having now six, all born in east Lansdowne since October, 1902, East Lansdowne has been kept before, the officials of the township and county, and the Chester Times, which has published its news from practically the date of the suburb’s inception, has been of great assistance from a publicity standpoint.
            The members of the East Lansdowne tennis club spent an enjoyable social time at the home of the Misses Taylor, No. 23 Beverly Avenue, on Wednesday evening, indulging in card games and other amusements.  Refreshments were served.  The porch was beautifully decorated with lanterns of handsome design and the party spent the evening on the veranda.
            Mr. and Mrs. Gustavus Weisberger and daughter of 144 Melrose Avenue were entertained a few days recently at the home of Mr. Weisberger’s parents at Cynwyd.
            Miss Katherine R. Shoemaker of 39 Lewis Avenue is at Ocean City this week.
            Clifton Heights team will be entertained by Pembroke this afternoon.  Game begins at 3:30 o’clock.
            Joseph Burkart of Haverford Avenue, West Philadelphia, and family expect to take possession of their new brick house on Lewis Avenue within the new few weeks.
            The Lincoln houses at Pembroke and Lewis Avenues will be completed within a week and the tenants will then move in.
            The fruit committee of the Methodist Episcopal Church met at the Casaccio villa, 34 Beverly Avenue on Wednesday evening and made arrangements for their end of the carnival to beheld on the 15th and 16th of this month.  Members of the committee present were M. Casaccio, Joseph G. McCabe, Joseph Tyas, Alfred F. Steward, Nicholas and Vincenzo Casaccio.
            Programs to the number of 2,000 advertising the Methodist camp meeting and the carnival will be distributed today.
 


Wednesday, February 1, 2017

WALLINGFORD'S HORACE HOWARD FURNESS LIBRARY

 
 

Anyone for boating on Ridley Creek in Wallingford?

Note. Many people do not know the original name of the Wallingford Library was Horace Howard Furness Library when it opened in October of 1902. It was named for resident and well known Shakespearian scholar Horace H. Furness. It late 1912 he asked for a change.

BEQUEST TO LIBRARY IN DR. FURNESS’ WILL

 Institution at Wallingford Receives Gift of $5,000

 Name to be changed

 
            A petition for the changing of the name of the Horace Howard Furness Free Library at Wallingford, will be presented to the Delaware County Courts next Saturday.  The petition is made for the amendment of the charter of the Wallingford Library association, as the result of a bequest of $5,000 made to the library by Dr. Furness with the provision that the name be changed to the Helen Kate Furness Free Library as a memorial to his wife.
            At a recent meeting of the Board of Directors at the Library Association it was decided to use the money for the selection of a suitable site and for the erection of a modern library building thereon.  The board is comprised of the following officers and members:  President, Dr. Horace Jaynes, son-in-law of the late Dr. Furness, who has been president of the board since the library association was incorporated; secretary, William Wiley; treasurer, Alexander B. Geary; the following are the directors; Mrs. Brown, superintendent of the Orphans’ Society of Philadelphia; Mrs. Thomas B. Palmer, James E. Miller, Dr. William H. Furness, third; Powell Stackhouse and John F. Murray.
            The petition sets forth that of November 17, 1902, the Delaware County Courts entered a decree incorporating the Horace Howard Furness Free Library at Wallingford, Nether Providence; that Mr. Furness departed this life since he was made and published his last will and testament, wherein he bequeaths to the library the sum of $5,000 upon condition that the name be changed to that of his wife.
            At a meeting of the library corporation a resolution was adopted providing that the request made by the late Dr. Furness be complied with, and that the proper legal procedure to procure an amendment or alteration of the charter so that the name shall be changed, shall be immediately instituted.
            When it was first proposed to name the library after Dr. Furness, the renowned Shakespearian scholar, with his usual modesty, refrained from accepting the honor, but persistent persuasion on the part of the directors finally won his consent.  The library was consequently incorporated under the name of the Horace Howard Furness Free Library.
            In view of the fact that Dr. Furness was verse to the library being named in his honor, the provision attached to his bequest is not at all surprising to the members of the library association.
            The constitution of the library association provides that every person eighteen years of age or over, residing in Nether Providence Township, who shall pay the sum of one dollar, shall be a member of the corporation for the fiscal year ending on the third Tuesday of October following said payment.
 
 


Saturday, January 28, 2017

Glenolden vs Gwendolin = Colwyn!!

 

A Colwyn Fire Dept. parade from 1908

 
 
 
January 16, 1892 – Chester Times

COLWYN POST OFFICE

 The New Post Office Causes Additional Trouble For Its Patrons

                Recently the new post office which the people of Colwyn had established and called Gwendolin was changed to Colwyn, because Gwendolin bore two great a similarity to Glenolden and mail intended for the former went to the latter post office and thereby caused great annoyance to the patrons of Gwendolin.  It was a pretty name but it had to go.  By re-christening it Colwyn, the trouble was thought to have been avoided, but it has broken out afresh and more of it.
                Colwyn’s mail now comes to Darby, and Postmaster Patchel has to sort it out and send it back.  A movement is on foot to make Colwyn a sub-post office of Darby.  The mail according to the new scheme, will all come in Darby’s mail bag, it will be sorted out and a messenger will convey it to Colwyn for its patrons.  This will avoid all complication and, it is claimed, get the mail for the Colwyn people promptly and without a kick.  It will be necessary, of course, for the Postmaster at Darby to have a list of the people who use Colwyn post office, in order to sort their mail.  If some such arrangement is not made, it is said that the authorities at Washington, who are tired of the complaints about the new office, will abolish Colwyn as a post office.


Sunday, January 22, 2017

Media Boro's Civil War Monument a look back at the dedication day





NOTE: A look back at the dedication of the Civil War Monument in Media which is on the front lawn of the County Courthouse. The above picture is looking toward Front St. and Veteran's Square.


CHESTER TIMES – May 9, 1903

            SOLDIERS’ AND SAILORS’ MONUMENT UNVEILING AT THE COUNTY SEAT – Media in a Blaze of Color with Patriotic Decorations Today in Honor of the Men Who Faced the Foe in the Days of the Rebellion

            The town of Media is in the hands of the men who fought for freedom and liberty of all mankind during the crucial period between 1861 and 1863, and the day is theirs and all the joys and pleasures contained therein, at least as far as the people of the county seat are concerned.  From an early hour this morning persons from every section began to assemble on the streets of this pretty resident town.  The business houses and public buildings have been bedecked with flags and bunting and the place never presented a more patriotic appearance.  The colors of the army and navy prevail in the decorations, while every department of the army and navy is represented in colors upon the buildings about the town.
            All of this pomp and display is in honor of the unveiling of the handsome monument which has been erected in the Court House Square in honor of the men and women of Delaware County who served their county during the dark period of the War of the Rebellion.  Fully eight thousand persons are expected to be within the confines of the borough when 2 o’clock arrives, the hour set for the parade.  Some of the best bands in the State are here and will march at the head of the various organizations.  Thomas J. Dolphin, of Media, is the chief marshal, and John G. Taylor, of Chester, chief of staff.  Following the parade an interesting program will be given at the monument.  A large stand has been erected for the speakers close to the monument.  Captain Caleb Hoopes, 87 years of age, the oldest living veteran in the county, will pull the strings which release the veiling from the shaft.  He was about the monument yesterday the greater part of the day and watched the veiling process so as to be ready to do his part.
            THE ROUTE OF PARADE – The parade will consist of three divisions, military, firemen and civic societies.
            Each division will be under the command of a marshal and aids, who will be mounted, and at 2 o’clock, p.m., will form in their designated positions, as hereinafter prescribed.  The commander of each division will send an aid to report to the Chief of Staff at the corner of Jackson and Front Streets, as soon as his division is ready to move.
            The column will move promptly at 2:15 p.m., over the following route:  Starting at the corner of Jackson and Front, thence by Jackson to Washington, to Monroe, to Jefferson to Jackson, to Washington, to South Avenue, to Lincoln, to Orange, to State, to Edgmont, countermarch on north side of State Street to Orange, to Front, to Monroe, to Fourth, to Jackson, to Third, to the monument.
            On arrival at entrance to monument the battalion of the Sixth Regiment, N.G.P., will halt and allow the Posts of the G.A.R. to pass and enter Court House Square, who will close enmasse and face south.  The N.G.P. will enter the square from the entrance on Second Street, close enmasse and face east.
            The formation of the parade will be as follows:  Battalion Sixth Regiment, N.G.P., WILL FORM ON Jackson Street, right resting on Front Street.  Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic will form on Jackson Street, on left of N.G.P., facing each according to number of Post  Veteran Associations will be assigned positions in line with Posts of G.A.R.
            Carriages containing officers and guests of the G.A.R. will form on Second Street, right resting on Jackson Street, extending east.  Fire companies will form on Third Street, right resting on Jackson Street, extending west.
            Civic organizations will form on Second Street, right resting on Jackson Street, extending west.
            The following distance will be observed in marching:  Between divisions, 60 feet; between organizations, 20 feet.
            The column will march guide left.  When the monument is unveiled, all colors will salute.
            The school children will be taken into the line of parade on countermarch at State and Jackson Streets, and will march ahead of the G.A.R. to Olive and Front Streets, where they will leave the line and proceed to the monument.
            AT THE MONUMENT – At the monument the exercises will begin at 3 o’clock, and will be in the following order:   Music, First Brigade Band, N.G.P.; Invocation, Rev. Dr. David Tully; address of welcome, Chief Burgess A.G.C. Smith of Media; singing, public school children; music, First Brigade Band; unveiling, Captain Caleb Hoopes; singing, school children and audience; presentation, O.B. Dickinson, Esq.; acceptance of monument, John L. Grim; singing, public school children; music, First Brigade Band; Original Ode by J. Russell Hayes of Swarthmore College; oration on behalf of the Army, Hon. Isaac Johnson; music, First Brigade Band; oration on behalf of the Navy to be supplied, singing, public school children and audience; benediction, Department Chaplain Rev. John W. Sayers.
            There will be a grand campfire in the Court House, beginning at 7 o’clock in the evening.  The program for this feature of the occasion will include remarks by well-known persons; good music; singing by a double quartette of Media, one of its selections to be “The Old Flag Shall Never Drag the Ground,” and an original ode by Prof. John Russell Hayes, of Swarthmore College.
            The monument was erected at a cost of $10,000, the money being paid by the County Commissioners.  It is of fine granite from the Barre quarries in Vermont.
            THE INSCRIPTIONS – Each panel on the inscriptions is in the form of a double keystone, and all four inscriptions are in raised letters.  The main inscription is on the eastern panel facing Olive Street, and reads as follows:
“IN
Grateful Remembrance
Of the
Soldiers and Sailors
Of
Delaware County
Who Fought for the Unity
Of this Republic
This Monument is Dedicated
That Future Generations
May Cherish the Principles
Of
Civil and Religious Liberty.”
           
            The obverse panel on the western side and nearest to the Court House, contains a tribute to the women who – whether as nurses in the hospitals or in the equally responsible role of breadwinners or caretakers of the home, whilst the men of the household were at the front, are graciously remembered as follows:
“We Honor the Memory
Of
The Noble and Patriotic Women
Who aided
The Defenders of Our Country.”
The southern panel is of all the most brief yet is pregnant with depth of meaning.  It reads:
“Our Country
Will Ever Remember
And Cherish Their
Deeds of Valor”
           
Equally appropriate for depth of expression and significance of meaning is the inscription that adorns the northern panel, facing to Second Street.  This reads:
“Heroes They Were
From the Men who
Fell in Baltimore
To Those Who Stood
Victorious at Appomattox.”
 
STORY OF THE PROJECT – The movement to have the monument erected was first started several years ago by Edward Blaine, a comrade of Wilde Post, No. 25, Grand Army of the Republic of Chester, who was then one of the Board of County Commissioners, at whose instigation a largely signed petition for the monument was sent to the authorities at Media.
Early last year Bradbury Post, No. 149, located at the county seat, took the matter up and appointed a committee of three, requesting Wilde Post to appoint a like committee to act in conjunction with them.  This was done, the comrades named from each Post being:  No. 149 – Samuel R. McDowell, Daniel McClintock, and George W. Eachus, No. 25 – Thomas Lees, Thomas Chambers, and William McGowan.  The result of their labors, which is substantially manifest at the county seat today, reflects the highest credit upon this committee, not only for the excellence of the work, but for the remarkable promptness of its accomplishment.
The members of this committee from Bradbury Post, being residents of Media were delegated by the joint committee as an executive body because of their ability to be continually upon the ground to supervise the progress of the project, and each one performed this duty with commendable faithfulness.
THE JOINT COMMITTEE - Last fall another joint committee was appointed to attend the arranging for the ceremony of unveiling the monument.  This body is composed of eighteen members, representing the four Posts of the Grand Army of the Republic in this county, as follows:  Bradbury Post No. 149, Media – Thomas J. Dolphin, Charles H. Pedrick, Jesse Darlington, Joseph Pratt, Samuel R. McDowell; Wilde Post No. 25, Chester – Thomas Lees, William McGowan, John G. Taylor, Lewis J. Smith, Charles K.  Melville, General Charles I. Leiper Post No. 639, Norwood – D.W. Crouse, A.E. Leonard, John H. Duffee, W.W. James, Samuel H. Heacock.  John Brown Post No. 194 (colored), Chester – Samuel Cain, Charles Lee, and Benjamin Bayard.
The officers of this committee are:  Thomas J. Dolphin, chairman; Charles H. Pedrick, secretary; Thomas Lees, treasurer
THE CORNERSTONE – The cornerstone was laid on October 30, 1902 in the presence of the County Commissioners, Grand Army men and a number of citizens.  A copper box, eight and one-half inches high, the same width and 18 inches long, was placed in the southeast corner of the monument.  It contained the following:
Certified copy of petition for monument and its endorsements
Report National Encampment, G.A.R., 1901
Report Department Encampment, G.A.R., 1902
Ritual of G.A.R.
Service book of G.A.R.
Rules and regulations of G.A.R.
Charter by-laws and roster of Wilde Post, No. 25
Charter by-laws and roster of Bradbury Post, No. 149
Badge of G.A.R.
Button of G.A.R.
Names of 4,724 sailors and soldiers who enlisted from Delaware County for the War of the Rebellion ’61 to ‘65
List of county officers
Joint Committee from Posts No. 25 and No. 149 to procure erection of monument
Joint Committee from Posts No. 25 and No. 149 to arrange cornerstone
Joint Committee from Posts No. 25 and 149 on unveiling monument.
County papers as follows:  Delaware County American Delaware County Democrat, Delaware County Record Morning Republican, Chester times The Progress, Weekly Reporter, and Delaware County Advocate
Smull’s Handbook
Flag of the United States
Photographs, as follows:  Court House, Home of Incurables, Chester Hospital, House of Refuge, County Home, Court room with court in session
Manual of Chester City Council
Sample ballot, 1902
Voter’s guide
Holy Bible
World’s Almanac, 1902
Report of Soldiers’ Orphans’ School, 1901
Horseshoe, forged by Comrade Chas. H. Pedrick
Bylaws of Media R.A. Chapter, No. 23
Bylaws of Chester Lodge F. and A. M., No. 236
Hayman Rezon of Pennsylvania
Several United States pennies and nickels
O.F. Bullard, James H. Worrall, William A. Seal, Thomas Chambers, Thomas Lees, William McGowan committee, A.V.B. Smith, adjutant
DECORATIONS ABOUT TOWN – The Court House is conceded to be decorated the most handsomely of any of the buildings about town.
May favorable comments were hard about the decorations on the Charter House
Many of the private dwellings about the borough displayed flags
The store of Harry P. Engle at the corner of State and Orange Streets attracted considerable attention.