Sunday, October 14, 2018

The Salvation Army had camps in Upland Boro for a number of years. The above picture is from the 1930's. 

 

Note: The Salvation Army began in London in 1865 and started in America in 1899. Today we do not think of the Salvation Army as a "army" but it was different a 100 years ago. This article is from June of 1918 to help with WW1.

 
 
 
 

DEDICATION OF NEW CAMP

Salvation Army Conducts Interesting Ceremonies on the Edward Crozer Estate in Upland

 

                Tinkle of bells in the wood rim the rate of consecrated knuckles on the tambourine, the blue-hooded face arched by the blood-red ribbon of “Salvation,” the appealing blue eyes of the modest young “Army Maiden” stopping before you while you fumble for a quarter, a half, or maybe a penny and your thoughts, perhaps also your heart, go with them as they march away from their corner meeting down the street, falling into faint, sweet echoes like the sound of good deeds in this war-racked world.
                But it wasn’t the tambourine yesterday.  Marching a dozen abreast into the wide gate of the Edward Crozer estate at Upland, yesterday morning, a well-drilled body of Salvation soldiers, with banners not “golden, glorious, olden” but of blood and fire and blue wound up the long avenue, led by the salvation army Staff Band of twenty-five pieces, and playing – oh, what?  Not the ordinary blatant march tune, but a stirring processional of “blood and fire?”  Military?  Yes. But a function of the Army is always different from anything else; and it doesn’t cut any ice whether you are destined to wield pitchforks or harps, you will take off your hat to those militant, independent workers of the world on the spiritual plane.
                MANY CITIES REPRESENTED – There were delegations from Philadelphia, Camden, Wilmington, Norristown, Pottstown, Chester and many other places of barracks.  Prominent in the line were the cadets from the Salvation Army Training School, Philadelphia.  Col. Charles Miles, principal of the school, Philadelphia; Adjutant William Black, Pottstown; Ensign Marion Tweedie, Norristown; Capt. Harriet Patch, Chester; Adjutant Smith, Philadelphia; Brigadier Annie Cowden, of the Hone for Women and Children, Philadelphia; Mrs. Major Crawford, Philadelphia; Adjutant Florence White, of the Day Nursery, Philadelphia, and a long line of the ancient worthies of Salvation, grown gray but not weary in the battle that never ends.
                When the summit of the park was attained, these marchers took their places in the great campus between the buildings and before the speakers’ stand, surrounded by flaunting foliage of old trees; flowed in between and around then, packing every available spot of the greensward until the speakers themselves ascended the platform amidst the shouts and fanfare of banners, ribbons and of everything that could be waved, while a mighty shout of acclaim arose.  Then there were the massed yells of the Training School class, drowned by the band’s music.
                GREETED WITH APPLAUSE – As Mayor McDowell, Col. Charles Miles and Major Crawford ascended the stand the great cheer was renewed.  It was a welcome, hearty and sincere.  When the speakers for the day were seated and an expectant quiet had settled, Major Storey of Philadelphia, made an invocation, and Brigadier Cowden of the Philadelphia Rescue Mission and Children’s Work, read the Scripture.
                THE ARMY SONG – And while fully a dozen happy lads and lasses swung wildly up and down in an adjacent see-saw, the Arm flag song arose, led by the Training School cadets and the band.  It is impossible to convey the spirit which permeated the whole exercises without hearing or knowing the song; so here it is, sung as only the Salvation Army can give it:
                                                THE MESSAGE OF THE FLAG
                                Would you of your banner know the meaning,
                                With its yellow, red and blue?
                                In the breeze its crimson glory streaming
                                Waves aw message grand and true.
                                                       CHORUS
                                Lift up the army banner, Blood and Fire!
                                Blood and Fire!  Lift it higher!
                                Lift up the Army banner, Blood and Fire!
                                For it tells of full salvation.
 
                                Blood-red crimson tells of God’s salvation,
                                Bids us think of Christ, who died
                                For the sins of every tribe and nation.
                                When the blood flowed from His side.
 
                                Fiery yellow, emblem of the Spirit,
                                Leads up back to Pentecost;
                                He was sent to plead the Savior’s merits,
                                And to help us save the lost.
 
                                Heav’nly blue suggests we may be holy,
                                Purified from inbred sin;
                                Evil tempers, pride, and worldly folly
                                Nevermore to dwell within.
 
                                ‘Neath the colors we should be courageous,
                                Marching to Immanuel’s lend;
                                What though all the hosts of Hell engagers?
                                Christ is Captain of our band!
 
Then followed other songs:  “He is my all in all,” and “America,” which you ought to hear the Salvation Army sing with its band, and you will take off your hats to it for two reasons.
Major Crawford introduced Mayor McDowell with a few good words, and then the tumultuous welcome was repeated in the Mayor’s honor.
MAYOR WELCOMES VISITORS – Modestly, almost diffidently, the Mayor began his address as if he, too, were impressed with the spontaneous unusualness of the occasion.  In part, he said:
“As Mayor of a great industrial city, busy with its commerce and widely diversified industries, I am a busy man, but when I saw who made the request that I should be here, impressed with the great work of the Salvation Army, I couldn’t say ‘no.’” The Mayor enumerated his conceptions of the Army’s work, its tremendous field of usefulness, and the great practical good it was doing.  He spoke of the significance of it in the lives of little children, and drew a brief but graphic picture of the difference between Europe and here – “not for the sacrifice of lives, but for the saving of them!” – and said that it was the business of his army to “save lives.”  Then His Honor (all too soon) became diffident again and concluded:  “As I am not a gifted platform speaker, I desire to introduce to you Col. Charles Miles, principal of the Salvation Army Training College of Philadelphia, as the orator of the day.”
COLONEL MILES SPEAKS – Then again that great billow of applause and welcome.  Colonel Miles said, among many other things:
“Comrades, Officers, Soldiers, and Friends:  It is something to have a chance to get away for fresh air, and always good to see the elected father of a great city get among the best people on earth.”  The sentiment was cheered to the limit.  He said the day was long gone when cities were averse to welcoming the hosts of the Salvation Army; that cities now were glad to show “us” every courtesy.  He expressed his joy at the opportunity to take part in this ceremony, and to have the privilege of dedicating “these new buildings (which cost over $4000) to open of the best purposes to which any building could be dedicated.”  There should be more care “for the cradle-end of life and less for the grave-end.”  The buildings and his “Salvation Army Fresh Air Camp” were for the children; it would seem that many “children were not born but damned into the world.”  Often the only chance many children have of seeing flowers is when they are in the hands of the gay, in the city.  He described the gift of these broad acres as a wonderful thoughtfulness of splendid donors, for children, through the care of the Salvation Army, “who are not experimenters but practical workers,” and spoke with trenchant power of “the moralities and spiritualties of childhood. We are living in significant times,” he said.  “Our Army goes with the Bible in its hands.”  He said the American soldier was thoughtful of Salvation Army women workers and quoted Major McAllister as saying that they all reverence the name of God; he hadn’t heard oaths from the American soldiers; “they protect our workers and, someone had declared if any man were to swear at them he would risk being taken out and shot.  Clean soldiers fight clean battles,” he declared.  He described the efforts of the Crusaders of old to regain the tomb of Christ, Bible in hand, and said that now soldiers go forward with a new creed.”
CITIES ARMY WORK – He was proud of the Salvation Army work of the twenty or thirty years of Sunday Salvation work.  He gave several narratives of consecrated soldiers; of one seven times wounded, and when he went, said to his superior officer, “The gun is in good condition, sir,” and died.  “That is heroism.”  They will die for the flag.  “You can’t find a slacker in the Salvation Army under that flag,” he said, pointing to “Old Glory.”  “May our boys soon march home in victory!  The Kaiser is not God.  God Himself is God,” he said, and then paid glowing tribute to the boys and the saving of them giving earnest congratulations to the donors of this ground.  “I pray God may keep us until we come into our own.  Faithful here for youth and manhood, the Salvation Army is a wonderful organization.  After thirty-seven years I am prouder of it than ever.”  He alluded to the Salvation Army banner as the “Rising Sun Flag,” and America’s as a rising sun flag.  “Germany won’t wipe out those flags; the two will win together.”  His fine tribute to Commander Booth brought fervent cheers.  “When Miss Booth stands on her feet, she is the greatest orator in America,” he said.
                Colonel Miles concluded with an appropriate dedicatory prayer to the Heavenly Father, placing in His hands these buildings in His name for children, and a new lease of life for all and referred to the gift as of spiritual significance for young lives, remade here in these beautiful buildings and grounds and in the name of ‘our mothers’ God and our fathers’ Christ.

               

 
 


Wednesday, October 10, 2018

Darby's Historic Trolley Fest this Saturday!!!!

Who recognizes this picture?? now a major intersection in southern Delaware County

 

OcTrolleyFest in Darby

 
 
Once more OcTrolleyFest (Rolling since 2005) will celebrate Transportation Heritage and Community starting at Darby Library, 1001 Main Street, at 11:00 am on Saturday, October 13, 2018. We will again sing Trolley Songs, look at Trolley Art, make scarecrows, engage in the cathartic OcTrolleyFest Bubble-Wrap Stomp, have an opportunity to ride SEPTA to Media and other l
 
ocations and celebrate the fact that our existing trolley system (since 1858) connects us with each other, with many historic sites, and with the larger world! We are joined this year by the Media Historical Society who will be holding a Harvest Fair at the Minshall House, (Providence Road ) in Media Between 1 and 3 pm.....  
    Special events in Darby include announcing the winners of the Trolley Art Contest sponsored by Sharon Bank and announcing the recipients of the First Annual "Good House KEEPING Awards" sponsored by the Eastern Delaware County Historic Preservation Partnership (EDCHPP). You will also have the chance to talk with Pennsylvania's founder, William Penn (and learn who Pennsylvania was really named after)  
Come and join the fun!
Questions to John at 610-809-4856     
We thank your Sponsors and Co-Sponsors for making this event possible including
 
 


Friday, October 5, 2018

Delaware County Improvements from World War One

A publicity shot of shells being made at the Baldwin Locomotive Plant in Eddystone from 1918

 
 

NOTE: This is a long article but it gives a great overview of the effect World War One had on Delaware County businesses, real estate etc.

 
 

DELAWARE COUNTY IS RICHER BY MILLIONS

War Contracts, New Industries and a Rise in Real Estate Values the Principal Factors in Producing the Result – Local Builders Very Busy

                Delaware County, always rich and always peaceful, is from $45,000,000 to $50,000,000 richer because Europe went to war.

                These figures are not alone an estimate of the industries that war has brought to the banks of the Delaware River below Philadelphia.  They are partly that and partly the real estate development that has resulted from those industries.
                While everyone has heard how industries have sprung info life along the Delaware since the war began, the effect of these industries has been overlooked.  Here is the effect:
                Every village, hamlet, town and city in the eastern end of Delaware County has scores or hundreds of brand-new houses for the assessors’ books.  Builder and contractors are overworked and refusing to take more jobs.  For this development is just at  its height, and the assessors’ books already show an increase that will add $10,000,000 to the county’s assessed valuation this year.  And that isn’t half of what will be added by next year.
                New houses have sprung up everywhere in the eastern townships.  Villages have become towns, fields have become suburbs, waste lands have become factory sites, vacant lots and ball fields in cities have become rows of houses, the river shore has become a line of smokestacks.  And, most of all, this has happened in the last two years and is happening now.
                Out in the Media court house, where all is still and quiet and characteristic of the old Delaware County, they are tabulating the triennial assessment, made in February by the local assessors.  Part of the story is in these untabulated figures.
                For these figures incomplete as they are, show that the assessors found almost $10,000,000 to add to the real estate values of the county last winter before this wonderful summer building began.  And next year – well, the assessors hesitate to think of what the increase will be.
                Chester, the very center of that new Delaware County, is no longer quiet or peaceful.  Here is where the new wealth that the war brought is centered, and here you can find a man who estimates that the new industrial wealth of Delaware County’s riverfront is about $36,000,000.
                This is the man who knows about it, too, for he is T. Woodward Trainer, secretary of the Chester chamber of commerce, and of the Chester Board of Trade, thru whom most of the land that these new industries use was secured.
                And if the Media visit and the Chester call don’t convince, take a trolley ride around the county and look into those places you hardly know the name of villages or crossroads once, now thriving, newly-painted towns and suburbs.
                All this wealth made since the war broke out.  And it is so big that no one can count it and every estimate is no better than a guess.  But it is wealth, nonetheless.
                Take Chester’s real estate development for a guide, for here, at least, actual figures are available.  This is a city that the old-timer remembers as the place of great waste tracts.  Time was when every other block in Chester was a vacant lot.  Not so now.  They need the vacant lots now.
                CHESTER DOUBLES BUILDING – Building permits issued since January 1, 1916, in Chester, show that 330 buildings of all kinds are built or building in Chester at a cost of $1,579,430.  This is twice as much as was spent during the whole of 1915, when 290 buildings were erected, at a cost of $746,815.
                In 1914, a record year, the city spent $1,221,200 for its new buildings.  Chester, at this rate, expects when all the summer building is on records to have more than $2,000,000 invested in new houses and other structures.
                The most remarkable thing about these six months of 1916 is that the bulk of the money has not been spent for industrial buildings, but for dwellings of different kinds.  The total amount spent for these dwellings will be $477,500.
                An eight-story office and bank building accounts for $400,000 and the new buildings of the Sun Ship Building Company, the most recent of the new industries, will cost $250,000.  Sixteen of the structures are to be used for stores, an unusual number to be added in Chester.
                These are the Chester records, and are conclusive.  They include building operations, such as that of Brigadier General William G. Price, Jr., now on the border with the Philadelphia brigade of the National Guard.  General Price has a $500,000 project under way at Twelfth and Potter Streets, Chester.  About fifty houses, all of high grade, are under construction.
                An old baseball field is being developed into a residential district.  The Chester Shipbuilding Company, which is spending $2,000,000 in reviving the Delaware shipbuilding industry, at Chester, is also doing a little bit for real estate with a development of 100 houses costing about $250,000 at Sixth and Pennell Streets.
                VACANT LOTS DISAPPEAR – All over Chester the vacant lots are being filled with small projects of from two to a dozen houses.  Real estate men are so busy you can’t find them for a talk about business.  Everybody has a hand in it.  Irvin Taylor and Samuel Bell are making the most extensive and widespread operations Mr. Taylor, who has built up a great part of Ninth Street in Chester, is now adding scores of houses in other sections of the city.
                But the big wealth that has come to the county is found along the river front, where Mr. Trainer, the secretary of the Chester chamber of commerce, estimates that $36,000,000 has been or will be invested.  Here are some of the real estate purchases and contemplated expenditures of the new and old industries:
                Sun Shipbuilding Company, Chester, sixty acres expects to spend $8,000,000, employ 5000 men and turn out ships 900 feet long.
                Chester Shipbuilding Company, Chester, eighteen acres, six ships on the way, three more way under construction, the first ship, 450 feet long, about to be launched, 1500 men at work and expenditures of $2,000,000 contemplated.
                Stewart Distillery Company, making industrial alcohol, on a twenty-acre tract.  Spending about $1,000,000.  Commercial Box and Envelope Company, fifteen acres, spending $750,000.
                Beacon Light Company, Chester, bought twenty-one acres for $75,000, building turbine power plant, with 120,000 kilowatt capacity, spending $3,000,000.
                The Westinghouse Electric and Machine Company, with a purchase of 600 acres in Tinicum adjoining Eddystone, will spend $8,000,000, it is said in equipping a plant to make supplies and equipment for the Delaware shipbuilding industry.
                The expenditures in Eddystone at the Baldwin plant, the Remington Arms and Eddystone ammunition plants, are given in round figures as about $10,000,000, and here alone 28,000 men are working, and in need of homes.
                MARCUS HOOK SHARES PROSPERITY – In Marcus Hook, below Chester, more of this wonderful riverfront development has added to the already big industrial investment of the American Viscose plant and the oil companies.
                The General Chemical Company, with sixty-five acres, and an investment of nearly $2,000,000 and the Benzol Products Company, which is working out the aniline dye problem on a thirty acre tract, in a $1,000,000 plant, are the big ones.
                Marcus Hook has spread out.  A hundred new houses are going up and nearly another hundred have been built in Linwood Heights.  Twenty more are under construction, and two more farms, containing eighty acres, are to be developed by Chester men.
                Next to the Chester and Marcus Hook development, the greatest building has been going on in the last two years in Upper Darby Township.  Here Drexel Hill has developed from a few houses to a community with 250 voters.  Collingdale has become a thriving town of industrial workers, with nearly 3000 inhabitants, and the third school building is going up.  Highland Park, with its neighborly communities of Observatory HiIl and Kirklyn, are growing into a suburb of several hundred houses.
                A. Merritt Taylor is developing Springfield, and already about thirty-five houses have been built in an attractive substantial suburban residential community.  Near Sixty-Ninth Street John McClatchy is developing another tract.  Eywood, another suburb, has grown up in a year and more houses are under construction this summer.  Clifton Heights is so big now that it is getting ready to float a bond issue of $90,000 to buy asphalt streets, sewers and a disposal plant.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
               
               


Monday, October 1, 2018

The 1920 Delaware County Census, look at the totals !!

 
This is the Sneath's Corner one room school house, any guesses on where it used to be? Now a major intersection. 
 
 

 DARBY, LARGEST BOROUGH, POINT OF POPULATION

 Official Figures Credit It 7922; Parkside, Smallest, 374

A look at the total population of Delaware County of 173,084, announced by the Census Bureau, and published yesterday in the Times, the following figures are given as the number of inhabitants in the various separate districts in "Little Delaware." The list is official and is given alphabetically:
Aldan Borough: 1138
Aston Township: 2017
Bethel Township: 558
Birmingham Township: 676
Chester Township: 675
Clifton Heights Borough: 3469
Collingdale Borough (P. O. Darby): 2834
Colwyn Borough: 1850
Concord Township: 1237
Darby Borough: 7922
Darby Township: 3077
East Lansdowne Borough: 1561
Eddystone Borough: 2670
Edgmont Township: 474
Glenolden Borough: 1944
Haverford Township: 6631
Lansdowne Borough: 4797
Lower Chichester Township: 2581
Marcus Hook Borough: 5324
Marple Township: 900
Media Borough: 4109
Middletown Township: 4304
Milbourne Borough: 419
Morton Borough: 1212
Nether Providence Township: 2344
Newtown Township: 837
Norwood Borough: 2353
Parkside Borough: 374
Prospect Park Borough: 2536
Radnor Township: 8181
Ridley Township: 5342
Ridley Park Borough: 2313
Rutledge Borough: 711
Sharon Hill Borough: 1780
Springfield Township: 1298
Swarthmore Borough: 2350
Thornbury Township: 1719
Tinicum Township: 2500
Trainer Borough: 1367
Upland Borough: 2486
Upper Chichester Township: 1577
Upper Darby Township: 8956
Upper Providence Township: 1246
Yeadon Borough: 1303
 
 
 
 



Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Delco Schools 125 years ago, a look back

This former one room school house, built in 1800 still stands in the 300 block of Chester Pike in Ridley Park. It is a private home with additions.

 
 
 

SOME SCHOOL FIGURES.

What It Costs to Teach the Young 

                There are 31 school districts in Delaware County and 236 schools.  They are taught by 18 Male and 226 female teachers, for which an average salary of $6,087 is paid to the males and $4,319 to the females.  Last year the total receipts of the districts, including $18,655.54 as State appropriation, was $276,445.34, of which $258,090.60 were expended.  Of this amount the teachers received $100,215.78, new buildings and improvements cost $64,070.14, and fuel, collectors’ fees and other expenses cost $93,780.67.  The number of boys enrolled last year was 6,067; girls, 5,987, or 12,054 pupils in all, with an average attendance of 7,708.  The cost per scholar per month was $1.17.
                Chester City has 65 schools, 2 male teachers and 63 female teachers.  The number boys enrolled is 1,583; girls, 1,735, of a total of 2,260, with an average attendance of 90 per cent.  The total receipts last year were $64,457.69 (of which $6,036.02 was from the State) and the expenditures $64,029.17.  The amount paid for teachers’ salaries was $27,420.50.
                South Chester expended $8,143.50 for the salaries, or a total of $24,037.86 for the expense of maintaining the district.  The State appropriation was $1,268.28 and the receipts from other sources, $23,863.98.  The enrollment is 482 boys and 465 girls, with an average attendance of 82 per cent.
                The cost per scholar per month in Chester is 96 cents, and in South Chester $1.17 per pupil.  The tax in Chester is 5 mills and in South Chester 7 mills.
 

 Important Note: Did you notice how many schools there where? And how many teachers? Almost the exact same amount. A teacher was considered a "school" back then. As teachers taught basically grades 1 thru 8th, two teachers working in a one room school would count as two schools.

 


Sunday, September 23, 2018

Viscose Village being built in 1912 and a great Historical Weekend coming!!

 
 

An advertisement for the Viscose Village in Marcus Hook from about 1913

 

Note: The Viscose Plant originally made artificial silk and later rayon. The village was built in 1912/1913 to accommodate the workers. A  Historical marker marks the village today

 
 
 

TO BUILD 300 HOUSES IN MARCUS HOOK

American Viscose Co. Will Also Double Capacity of Plant

Dr. C. A. Ernst, the manager of the Marcus Hook plant of the American Viscose Company announced this morning that the plans for a new addition to their present plant which would double its capacity and three hundred dwellings had been completed.  The improvements, including buildings and machinery will cost approximately $1,000,000.
Ballinger and Perrott architects of Philadelphia, have completed the plans.  James Clayton, a constructing engineer of England, who is connected with the English and parent branch of the American Viscose Company, has arrived here and will personally oversee the work.  The houses will be commenced in the near future and the mill addition, which will cost about $100,000 will be started immediately.
The plant now employs more than 1,000 people in the manufacture of artificial silk.  When the improvements to the mills are completed it will require a force of two thousand persons.  The 300 dwellings are designed to help to care for the increased number of employees.
William Provost, Jr., a Chester contractor, recently finished a $10,000 addition to this plant.  The building, which is known as a “mercerizing cellar” is a one-story structure, eighty feet by thirty-five feet, of reinforced concrete, with a slag roof and electric lighted throughout.
Now that the plans for the $100,000 building have been completed by the architect, bids will be asked and the work of building commenced as soon as possible.  The dwelling houses will be located between the plant and Marcus Hook proper and will be erected upon the tract purchased some time ago by the company for this purpose.
The $100,000 annex to the main factory will be a duplicate of the present one story portion or wing of the Marcus Hook works.  It will be four hundred feet long by one hundred and twenty feet wide, and one story in height.  The building will be of brick mill construction and will be fireproof.  In this building will be included the spinning, washing, twisting and reeling departments.
The equipping of this second and larger building will be a much more expensive proposition for the American Company to handle than the mere erection of the building.  About one hundred and twenty machines will be installed in the new building.  About one hundred and twenty machines will be installed in the new building when it is completed.  The approximate cost of the machinery was placed at $400,000 by Dr. C. A. Ernst, the general manager of the American Viscose Company, when seen at his office.  This machinery will be mainly for the handling of the spinning, twisting and reeling work.
The power to operate this new mill will be electric and will be furnished by the Beacon Light Company of this city.  The Beacon Company is furnishing the American Company with all of its operative power at this time.
With the completion of the enlargement of the works now under way the company will furnish employment for one thousand additional workmen.  Approximately one thousand people are now in the employ of the company.  This means the doubling of the capacity of the Marcus Hook plant within the next year.
The company is solicitous of the health and the welfare of its employees.  A dispensary is connected with the plant and a trained nurse, a graduate of the Chester Hospital, is in constant attendance.  While most of the accidents at this plant are of a minor natured, all those who suffer from lacerations, contusions, abrasions, acid burns, etc., are given immediate attention.
 
 
 


Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Williamson Trade School Starts


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

This rare postcard shows a train bringing students to the Williamson Trade School. The school had it's own station built for it.

 
 

THE WILLIAMSON SCHOOL

Where It Is Said the Buildings Will Be Erected

                Isaiah V. Williamson, the philanthropist who conceived the idea of the Free Industrial School died yesterday morning at his home in Philadelphia.  In order to end the project he set aside securities valued at over $2,000,000 and appointed trustees to carry out his wishes.  Mr. Williamson’s idea was to give instruction in mechanical trades to poor boys, who, by reason of trade restrictions, would otherwise be shut out from any instruction in that direction.  He had given the scheme a great deal of thought.
                The Philadelphia Press says:  “The site selected is in Middletown Township of Delaware County, on the line of there Media and West Chester Railroad, about two miles west of Media and about half way between Media and Glen Riddle stations.  It includes in its dimensions the farms of Hiram Schofield, containing 122 acres; John Hibberd’s, containing 113 acres; Jesse Hibberd’s, 42 acres; Casper W. Gray, 25 acres, and, to bring the tract square up to the lines, it cuts off small lots of from two to twelve acres from the Hardcastle, Malin, Lyons and Schur properties.  The tract borders on the land of the Delaware County Agricultural Society and extends from the Penn’s Grove Road on one side to the State Road, or Baltimore Pike, on the other.  The railroad passes through the lower portion of the tract for a distance of nearly half a mile and a convenient station could be located here, although Elwyn station is not over three-quarters of a mile distant from the Schofield farm.
                “The land of the Schofield property is of high quality and it has been in the name of the present owner for nearly forty years.  The buildings on it are more than a hundred years old, both the house and the barn, being of stone, and of the oldest style of farm building architecture.  The John and Jesse Hibberd properties belonged to the father of the present owners, and the farm house on the John Hibberd property is where both John and Jesse Hibberd were born more than half a century ago.  The Casper Gray property is also an old one, and, like the Schofield farm, is considered as among the most fertile in Delaware County.”
                The site is regarded as an excellent one by those who have examined the ground.  It is of a gently rolling nature, with an abundance of good water, while close by is a deposit of granite sufficient to furnish more than enough stone for the building.  Being close to the railroad the facilities in that particular are good.